Walter Scott 1771 - 1832
Walter Scott was born in
Scott is often credited with having 'invented' the historical novel, a novel whose story takes place in a historical past. This is not strictly true, but he was instrumental in perfecting it and establishing it as a recognised genre. He expressed the Romantic interest in the past, the Middle Ages in particular, and in folk traditions.
● From Ivanhoe
This is Scott's most famous novel. The story is set during the reign of Richard I, the Lion Heart; it describes the struggle between two peoples: the Saxon, the "original" British, and the Normans, the conquerors. In the novel are depicted more than 154 characters and we can see different social classes:
High class: Anglo-Saxons and Normans
Low class: Saxons
(Templars: priests and warriors)
The main plot is the story of Ivanhoe, a Saxon knight disinherited by his father, who is in love with Rowena, Cedric's young ward. In the novel there are many other subplots, concerning with Jewish tradition (Rebecca and his father), the warrior's ideal (King Richard, the Templars, Robin Hood), the theme of familiar unity (as the main plot evolves to the final reconciliation). In the text we can identify three main points, from which the story radically changes:
The Tournament: here is discovered the identity of the disinherited knight, Ivanhoe.
The liberation of Rebecca by Ivanhoe.